MOUNTAINEERING is the sport of attaining, or attempting to attain, high points in mountainous regions, mainly for the pleasure of the climb. Mountaineering differs from other outdoor sports in that nature alone provides the field of action – and just about all of the challenges – for the participant. Climbing mountains embodies the thrills produced by testing one’s courage, resourcefulness, cunning, strength, ability and stamina to the utmost in a situation of inherent risk. Mountaineering, also called alpinism, is simply climbing a mountain and knowing how it is done. The act of mountaineering has three highly technical branches called rock-craft, snow-craft, and skiing, which vary depending on whether the terrain is rock, snow, or ice.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Mountaineering, also called alpinism, is simply climbing a mountain and knowing how it is done. The act of mountaineering has three highly technical branches called rock-craft, snow-craft, and skiing, which vary depending on whether the terrain is rock, snow, or ice.
Who should study this course? (Mountaineering)
- Interested in experiencing the exhilaration of rock climbing but don’t know where to start, how to use the gear correctly and do it safely? This course is for you!
- We show you the instructions step by step, and tie it all together showing you how to do it outside!
BEFORE YOU START
- camping skills
- technical mountain skills
- minimum physical fitness requirements
About the Course
We’re here to teach you the fundamentals to get started rock climbing! By the end of this course, you’ll have the tools and knowledge to safely get outdoors and begin sport climbing – climbing single-pitch routes with pre-existing bolts. We’ll share what it takes to experience the exhilaration of climbing with an incredible landscape below you, regardless of age, gender or body type. You’ll learn how to get started, select the proper gear, and the proper skills and technique to do it safely and have fun!
What you’ll learn
- Choosing and caring for your gear – select the harness, rock shoes, helmet, chalk bag, quickdraws and carabiners, belay device, and rope that fit your needs.
- Safety Fundamentals & Tying the Essential Knots – communicate effectively with your partner, do safety checks, tie essential knots, and know the fundamentals of belaying your climbing partner.
- How to Top-Rope Climb & Belay – this is a great way to get started climbing! Know how to climb, belay, and have fun with your partner outdoors or at the climbing gym!
- Lead Climbing & Belay – lead climb safely, clip bolts with quickdraws, belay a climber on lead, and know some of the tips and tricks that professionals use.
- Building Anchors – build and clean anchors to safely lower or create a top-rope outdoors at the top of a route.
- Falling – how to safely fall and belay a falling climber when lead climbing.
- Climbing Technique & Drills – become a stronger climber by learning advanced climbing technique and skill drills that world-class climbers use.
Physical health: Climbing uses lots of muscle groups, both in the upper and lower body. Your back, abdominal and leg muscles all get exercised as well as your ﬁngers, shoulders, and arms. Regular climbing can improve stamina and endurance as well as muscle strength.
Hiking Snow Trekking Climbing Camping
Salary: $5,000 to $10,000
Basic/Nano Degree Certificate
Individual Certificates for each course
MOUNTAINEERING ( MOUNTAIN CLIMBING)
A Beginner’s Course
MOUNTAINEERING is the sport of attaining, or attempting to attain, high points in mountainous regions, mainly for the pleasure of the climb. Mountaineering differs from other outdoor sports in that nature alone provides the field of action – and just about all of the challenges – for the participant. Climbing mountains embodies the thrills produced by testing one’s courage, resourcefulness, cunning, strength, ability and stamina to the utmost in a situation of inherent risk.
Mountaineering, to a greater degree than other sports, is a group activity, with each member both supporting and supported by the group’s achievement at every stage. For most climbers, the pleasures of Mountaineering lie not only in the conquest of a peak but also in the physical and spiritual satisfaction, brought about through intense personal effort, ever-increasing proficiency and contact with national grandeur.
HISTORY: Mountaineering is a contemporary sporting sense, born when a young Genevese scientist, Horace Benedict de Saussure on a first visit to Chamonix in 1760, viewed Mont Blanc at ( 15,771 ft/4807 meters) – the tallest peak in Europe.
By 1870 all the principal Alpine summits had been scaled. By the end of the nineteenth century, climbers turned their attention to the Andes Mountains of South America, the North American Rocky Mountains, the Caucasus at the western edge of Asia, Africa’s peaks and finally the vastness of the Himalayas. Rocky’s mountain was ascended in 1898. As the twentieth century wore on, the international chain of mountains began to reveal itself – Austrians, Chinese, English, French, German, Indian, Italian, Japanese and Russians – turned to opportunities inherent in the largest mountain landmass of the planet, the Himalayas. After World War I, the British made Everest their particular goal. Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and his Tibetan guide Tenzing Norgay stood on top of the world on 29 May 1953.
Beginning in the 1960s mountaineering underwent several transformations. Vertical or impossible rock faces were being scaled through the use of newly developed artificial aids and advanced climbing techniques. Mountain climbers carried minimal equipment and supplies and did not rely on porters.
TECHNIQUES: For the majority of rock climbers, hands and feet alone are essential, with the feet doing most of the labor – 3-point contact – 2 hands & a foot or 2 feet & a hand. Balance is essential and the body weight is kept over the feet as far as possible. Rope-handling is an art and is used on snow, ice & rock. In all places of Mountain climbing, judgment is important. The length of the climb, nature of the weather, effect of the sun’s heat on snow & ice. Watch out for the avalanche
Mountaineering became a big sports event since 1857. Many Mountaineering Clubs and Alpine Clubs came up in Great Britain.
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